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Ethnic geography on conflicts: the case of West Kalimantan, Indonesia

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Tanasaldy, WT (2010) Ethnic geography on conflicts: the case of West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs, 43 (2). pp. 105-130. ISSN 0815-7251

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Abstract

This article looks into the correlations between ethnic geography and
conflicts between the Dayak and Madurese in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. The
first section of the article gives a brief theoretical background, and then an overview
of the arguments commonly used to explain the conflict between the two ethnic
groups. It discusses arguments which link the conflicts to primordial issues such as
ethnic stereotyping and the history of group antagonism, as well as others which use
an instrumental approach, for example writings which connect the conflicts with the
issue of marginalisation. The article then proceeds to analyse how the spread and
concentration of an ethnic group in certain locations may have contributed to ethnic
conflicts. This argument is not new since experts have argued about a
positive correlation in this regard, but no previous studies have cogently argued the
West Kalimantan case. Taking into consideration the role of the history of the
conflicts between the two ethnic groups and their strained relations, this article argues
that ethnic geography has contributed significantly to the conflicts in two areas. In
support argument, the article maps the population of both ethnic groups in strategic
areas, an approach which has not been used previously.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: ethnic conflict, ethnic geography, West Kalimantan, Madurese, Dayak
Journal or Publication Title: Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs
Page Range: pp. 105-130
ISSN: 0815-7251
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2010 06:16
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:12
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