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Effects of catchment activities on macrofaunal assemblages in Tasmanian estuaries
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Silt loadings associated with human activities in catchments were inferred to have an extremely widespread effect on
estuarine macrobenthos around Tasmania. Estuaries with human population densities exceeding 10 km2 in catchments
consistently possessed muddy rather than sandy beds and shores, and were dominated by infauna rather than epifauna.
Estuaries with human population densities below 1 km2 in catchments possessed sandy sediments and numerous
epifaunal species. These effects were consistent within groups of estuaries possessing similar hydrology and geomorphology.
Although faunal composition differed substantially between estuaries possessing low and high human population
densities, the number of macrofaunal species was similar. Population effects therefore could neither be detected using
species richness indices, nor by the ABC method. Faunal changes were most clearly detected using disturbance indices
weighted by the sensitivity of individual species to human activity. Two such indices, which are based on abundance (DIn)
and productivity (DIp) data, are suggested to provide useful local indicators of estuarine health.
|Journal or Publication Title:||Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science|
|Page Range:||pp. 639-654|
|Identification Number - DOI:||10.1006/ecss.2000.0591|
The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
|Date Deposited:||21 Dec 2010 23:15|
|Last Modified:||18 Nov 2014 04:15|
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