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Leaf fossils of Proteaceae tribe Persoonieae from the Late Oligocene–Early Miocene of New Zealand

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Carpenter, RJ and Bannister, JM and Jordan, GJ and Lee, DE (2010) Leaf fossils of Proteaceae tribe Persoonieae from the Late Oligocene–Early Miocene of New Zealand. Australian Systematic Botany, 23 (1). pp. 1-15. ISSN 1030-1887

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Abstract

Fossils from the Newvale lignite mine, Southland, are the first substantiated foliar records of Proteaceae
subfamily Persoonioideae. The fossils possess very large stomata, a probable synapomorphy for Persoonioideae, and within
Proteaceae the combination of this feature and more or less parallel-aligned, brachyparacytic stomatal complexes and
undulate anticlinal epidermal cell walls is uniquely found in this subfamily. The new genus Persoonieaephyllum is described
to recognise affinity of the fossil leaves and cuticles with tribe Persoonieae of Persoonioideae and their distinction from its
only other extant representative, Placospermum. Two new species are described. P. ornatum is represented by linear leaves
less than 20mm wide and possessing more or less parallel-aligned major veins. These leaves closely match those of extant
hypostomatic, broad-leaved species of tribe Persoonieae and are distinct from Placospermum in venation and several
cuticular details. P. villosum has so far been recovered only as cuticular material in disaggregated lignite. It is distinct from
P. ornatum in having abundant trichome bases, an absence of surface tubercules, and even larger stomata (guard cells often
>70 mm long). The fossils extend the known record of Persoonioideae in the New Zealand–New Caledonia region by
~20 million years.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Australian Systematic Botany
Page Range: pp. 1-15
ISSN: 1030-1887
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1071/SB09015
Additional Information:

Copyright © 2010 CSIRO

Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2011 03:37
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:15
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