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International baccalaureate : policy process in education

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Hill, I (1993) International baccalaureate : policy process in education. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

This is a qualitative, historical case study in the area of international education using a policy process approach. The research explores the
characteristics of policy formation and implementation which led to the
creation, maintenance and expansion of the IB diploma and the IB Office
(a private non-government organisation registered in Geneva); it covers
events from 1920 to 1978.
This research is guided by an assumption that the basic question of policy
analysis is: who did what and why ? Existing policy process models are
examined on a continuum from the rational to the political and a
conceptual model is needed which accounts for human interaction
without ignoring scientific reflection. This framework is a thee dimensional
structure consisting of seven policy process stages, nine
categories of actors and ten factors. Four stage of policy formation -
problem definition, aggregation, agenda setting, policy decision - and
three stages of policy implementation - design, administration,
execution - are discussed. The following actors are identified:
headmasters, teachers, parents, students, university staff, funding
organisations, education officials. UNESCO. non-education
professionals. Influential factors comprise technical analysis, family
welfare, ideologies, self-interest and the following environmental
context’s: economic, educational, social, political, technological and
international diffusion. The social context comprises demography,
culture, history and geography.
The research seeks to show the interdependence of the three elements:
the policy process stages, the actors, and the factors which influence the
actors during one or more of the policy process stages. Data is obtained
from published literature, unpublished documents, interviews,
conversations.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information:

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Date Deposited: 04 Feb 2011 05:16
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 05:55
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