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Dolerite intrusion Hobart district, Tasmania


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Leaman, DE (1970) Dolerite intrusion Hobart district, Tasmania. PhD thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Jurassic dolerite intrusions ot the Hobart district, Tasmania, have been examined geologically and gravimetrically in order to determine their form. The dolerite intrudes flat lying shallow marine Permian and continental Triassic rocks. A major problem was the resolution of more recent faulting superimposed upon Jurassic structures. The intrusions are the result or a limited series of injections (four or five). Each individual intrusion has an irregular flattened trumpet shape. Synchronous intrusions have interconnected to produce a cross-wave pattern in which each hollow represents the site or one or more massive feeders. The feeders are basically dykes up to a mile across, although some are pipe-like extensions or wedges from dykes, and most are related to pre-existing faults. Sheets have been initiated above feeder wedges at a point where effective intrusion pressure (about 7x10,gm/cm2) has exceeded the load pressure. Dislocation by fracturing was followed by hydrostatic intrusion. The actual form of the sheets, termed chonoliths, is determined at any place by any previous and concomitant fracturing. Fractures are controlled by rock heterogeneities, plastic confining beds, fluid content and distance from the feeder, or proximity of the tree surface. Each sheet is about l,000-1,500 feet thick. Initial intrusions are normally placed low in the sedimentary column, while later intrusions generally found a higher level. Ultimately a lava plateau could be produced if the magma supply was adequate, although no evidence exists for this feature in Tasmania. Extreme products of differentiation are to be found only in those parts of the intrusion ad3acent to, or above, a feeder. There is no evidence of assimilation within the area.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: Copyright the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2011 00:41
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2016 05:56
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