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Development of a textural index for the prediction of acid rock drainage
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The acid rock drainage index (ARDI) was developed to predict acid formation based on intact rock texture.
Five textural parameters which have direct control on acid formation are evaluated. The ARDI forms part
of the geochemistry–mineralogy–texture (GMT) approach to undertaking acid rock drainage (ARD) predictive
tests. This staged-approach involves parallel use of geochemical, mineralogical and textural analyses.
Sample screening is performed at stage-one, and a general classification given. Stage-two involves
the use of routine geochemical tests in order to cross-check stage-one results, and also to quantify the
acid forming/neutralising potential. Stage-three uses advanced geochemical tests and microanalytical
tools to cross-check any ambiguous results from the previous stages, and for detailed characterisation
of acid forming sulphide phases.
Samples were obtained from two mine sites in Queensland, Australia, from which seventeen mesotextural
groups were identified (A–Q). The ARDI identified mesotextural groups J (quartz–pyrite) and H
(quartz–arsenopyrite–pyrite) as extremely acid forming. Routinely used geochemical classifications also
identified these as the most acid forming groups. Four mesotextural groups (K–O) were classified as having
acid neutralising capacity after full GMT classification. The remainder of mesotextural groups were
classified as not acid forming. Mesotextural groups G (quartz–galena–sphalerite), H and J only require
kinetic testing to resolve the lag-time to, and longevity of acid formation, and to measure the concentration
of potentially deleterious elements released. The ARDI was not able to confidently discern between
samples with the capacity to neutralise acid, and those which are not acid forming. Therefore, further
refinement of the ARDI is required. However, in its current form the ARDI is suitable for mineral deposits
with low-carbonate contents. This paper demonstrates its use as part of stage-one of the GMT approach
at both operational and abandoned mine sites to screen and classify acid forming potential.
|Keywords:||Acid rock drainage Classification Environmental Pollution Waste processing|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Minerals Engineering|
|Identification Number - DOI:||10.1016/j.mineng.2011.04.019|
The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
|Date Deposited:||12 Aug 2011 06:39|
|Last Modified:||18 Nov 2014 04:21|
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