Whole rock geochemistry and mineral chemistry of the Hanging Wall Sequence, Hellyer deposit, Tasmania
Fulton, R (1999) Whole rock geochemistry and mineral chemistry of the Hanging Wall Sequence, Hellyer deposit, Tasmania. Research Master thesis, University of Tasmania.
Hellyer is a 17 Mt, high-grade, polymetallic VHMS-style deposit containing 13.0%
Zn, 6.8% Pb, 0.3% Cu, 160 g/t Ag and 2.3 g/t Au (Gemmell and Large, 1992) located in
western Tasmania's Mt. Read Volcanics belt.
Analysis of the Hellyer core log database shows that there are five main types of
alteration within the Hellyer basalt; (1) silica-albite, (2) fuchsite (±carbonate), (3) chlorite,
(4) carbonate and (5) sericite, of which the first two are the most significant volumetrically.
The pillow lava facies of the Hellyer hanging wall basalt has principally undergone fuchsite
and chlorite dominant alteration, whereas the massive lava facies is typically affected by
carbonate, silica-albite, or epidote dominant alteration The breccia facies behaves similarly
to the massive lava facies but sericite dominant alteration also occurs.
Three-dimensional computer modelling of the database indicates that silica-albite-dominant
alteration is best developed on the flanks of the ore body and to the south and west.
Fuchsite dominant alteration, is well developed vertically above the ore body. Carbonate
dominant alteration is sparsely distributed about the ore body. Chlorite-dominant alteration is
best developed above the ore body and more laterally than the fuchsite-dominant alteration.
Sericite-dominant alteration occurs to the south of the ore body and laterally above the
northern end of the orebody.
A lithogeochemical halo of Sb occurs within the basalt from immediately above the
ore deposit to immediately beneath the overlying Que River Shale and provides an excellent
vector to the Hellyer deposit. The halo spreads out beneath the Que River Shale for at least
400 metres west, and up to 900 metres north-east. Other geochemical parameters which show
are useful in defining the halo are Tl, As, Ba, Ba/Sr and Cs. The halo has been previously
defined by apple green "fuchsite" altereration visible in hand specimen. The commodity
elements Cu, Pb and Zn are rarely elevated within the Hellyer basalt.
The Ba content of white mica has been found to increase with proximity to the
Hellyer deposit and this is the only mineral chemistry vector to the deposit identified.
Although widely recorded in core logs and visible in hand specimen, fuchsite-altered rocks
contain very little true fuchsite. Most white mica is chromian muscovite, with Cr20 3 less
than 1%. Chlorites have been found to contain up to to 2.44% Cr20 3. Barium-rich samples of
basalt have been found to contain barium-rich feldspars with up to 5.58% BaO, similar to
feldspars reported from the Hellyer footwall and the nearby Que River deposit.
|Item Type:||Thesis (Research Master)|
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|Deposited By:||Ms Sue Li|
|Deposited On:||19 Aug 2011 11:51|
|Last Modified:||03 Sep 2013 12:39|
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