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The effects of age and environment on the expression of inbreeding depression in Eucalyptus globulus
Costa e Silva, J and Hardner, CM and Tilyard, P and Potts, BM (2011) The effects of age and environment on the expression of inbreeding depression in Eucalyptus globulus. Heredity, 107. pp. 50-60.
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Inbreeding adversely affects fitness traits in many plant and animal species, and the magnitude, stability and genetic basis of inbreeding depression (ID) will have short- and longterm evolutionary consequences. The effects of four degrees of inbreeding (selfing, f¼50%; full- and half-sib matings, f¼25 and 12.5%; and unrelated outcrosses, f¼0%) on survival and growth of an island population of Eucalyptus globulus were studied at two sites for over 14 years. For selfs, ID in survival increased over time, reaching a maximum of 49% by age 14 years. However, their inbreeding depression for stem diameter remained relatively stable with age, and ranged from 28 to 36% across years and sites. ID for survival was markedly greater on the more productive site, possibly due to greater and earlier onset of inter-tree competition, but was similar on both sites for the diameter of survivors. The deleterious trait response to increasing inbreeding coefficients was linear for survival and diameter. Nonsignificant quadratic effects suggested that epistasis did not contribute considerably to the observed ID at the population level. Among- and within-family coefficients of variation for diameter increased with inbreeding degree, and the variance among the outcrossed families was significant only on the more productive site. The performance of self-families for diameter was highly stable between sites. This suggests that, for species with mixed mating systems, environmentally stable inbreeding effects in open-pollinated progenies may tend to mask the additive genotype-by-environment interaction for fitness traits and the adaptive response to the environment.
|Keywords:||outcrossing; selfing; inbreeding depression; additive and non-additive genetic effects; genotype-by-environment interaction; age trends|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Heredity|
|Page Range:||pp. 50-60|
|Identification Number - DOI:||10.1038/hdy.2010.154|
|Additional Information:||The definitive version is held at the Nature Publishing Group|
|Date Deposited:||03 Oct 2011 18:27|
|Last Modified:||18 Nov 2014 04:23|
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