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Collaboration and innovation outputs
Arundel, A and Bordoy, C (2006) Collaboration and innovation outputs. In: Knowledge Flows in European Industry. Routledge.
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The role of collaboration in the creation and diffusion of innovations has received a considerable amount of interest in the past decade from both innovation economists and European policy makers. The European Commission (EC), for example, requires collaboration for research funded under the Framework Programmes (FPs) and encourages national policies to increase the rate of collaboration between firms and between firms and public research organizations (PROs) such as universities and publicly- funded research institutes (Hagedoorn et ai. 2000). Part of the increased attention given to collaboration is due to a shift in economic theories of innovation from a linear to an interactive model and to a recognition of the importance of tacit knowledge to innovation and technology transfer. The first shift places greater importance on information and knowledge flows. This is partly because there are more linkages within an interactive or chain-link innovation system and partly because modern innovation theories stress the diffusion of knowledge among many different actors
|Item Type:||Book Section|
|Additional Information:||Copyright © 2006 Routledge Taylor and Francis Group|
|Date Deposited:||23 Feb 2012 01:37|
|Last Modified:||23 Feb 2012 01:37|
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