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Holocene vegetation history from King River railway bridge, western Tasmania

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Van de Geer, G and Fitzsimons, SJ and Colhoun, EA (1991) Holocene vegetation history from King River railway bridge, western Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 125. pp. 73-77. ISSN 0080-4703

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Abstract

Pollen analysis of a sequence of post-glacial deposits north of the old railway bridge over the King River showed that cold wet heath, with Microstrobos and Epacridaceae, and herbland of Gramineae, Compositae and Astelia occurred in the King Valley before ca. 13 000 yr 131 BP. Temperate rainforest/wet mixed forest developed after l3 000 yr BP and was dominated by Phyllocladus before ca. 640 yr BP. Between ca. 6400 and 4000 yr BP Nothofagus and Eucalyptus were co-dominant. A hiatus in deposition of organic-rich sediments occurred between 4000 and 2500 yr BP, when slope debris/alluvial fan gravels were formed. After 2500 yr BP Phyllocladus became dominant again. A mosaic of shrub, heath, sedge and herb communities occurred in addition to the rainforest/wet mixed forest vegetation during much of the post-glacial period.These communities seem to reflect variations in habitat and environmental conditions related to soil ddIerences, flooding, waterlogging and burning adjacentto the King River. The pollen sequence shows the characteristic early post-glacial peak of Phylloladus, the early-middle post- glacial maximum of Pomaderris and the middle Holocene maximum of Nothofogus for western Tasmania. The vegetation was influenced by burning at all times. The climate uansition from cold to cool humid conditions occurred around 13 000 yr BP and was probably relatively rapid.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Royal Society of Tasmania, RST, Van Diemens Land, natural history, science, ecology, taxonomy, botany, zoology, geology, geography, papers & proceedings, Australia, UTAS Library
Journal or Publication Title: Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Page Range: pp. 73-77
ISSN: 0080-4703
Additional Information: Copyright Royal Society of Tasmania
Date Deposited: 23 May 2012 03:35
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:34
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/13776
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