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Dietary Supplementation with Chickpeas for at Least 5 Weeks Results in Small but Significant Reductions in Serum Total and Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterols in Adult Women and Men

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Pittaway, JK and Ahuja, KDK and Cehun, M and Chronopoulos, A and Robertson, IK and Nestel, PJ and Ball, MJ (2006) Dietary Supplementation with Chickpeas for at Least 5 Weeks Results in Small but Significant Reductions in Serum Total and Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterols in Adult Women and Men. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 50 (6). pp. 512-518.

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Abstract

Aim: To compare the effects of a chickpea-supplemented diet and those of a wheat-supplemented diet on human serum lipids and lipoproteins. Methods: Forty-seven free-living adults participated in a randomized crossover weight maintenance dietary intervention involving two dietary periods, chickpea-supplemented and wheat-supplemented diets, each of at least 5 weeks duration. Results: The serum total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly lower (both p < 0.01) by 3.9 and 4.6%, respectively, after the chickpea-supplemented diet as compared with the wheat-supplemented diet. Protein (0.9% of energy, p = 0.01) and monounsaturated fat (3.3% of total fat, p < 0.001) intakes were slightly but significantly lower and the carbohydrate intake significantly higher (1.7% of energy, p < 0.001) on the chickpea-supplemented diet as compared with the wheat-supplemented diet. Multivariate analyses suggested that the differences in serum lipids were mainly due to small differences in polyunsaturated fatty acid and dietary fibre contents between the two intervention diets. Conclusions: Inclusion of chickpeas in an intervention diet results in lower serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels as compared with a wheat-supplemented diet.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Chickpeas, Legumes, Cardiovascular diseases, Cholesterol reduction, Intervention, cholesterol reduction
Journal or Publication Title: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism
Page Range: pp. 512-518
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1159/000098143
Additional Information: Definitive version is available online at http://content.karger.com/produktedb/produkte.asp?typ=fulltext&file=000098143
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2007
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:19
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/1378
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