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Origin, structural and tectonic history of the Macquarie Island region

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Williamson, PE (1988) Origin, structural and tectonic history of the Macquarie Island region. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 122 (1). pp. 27-43. ISSN 0080-4703

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Abstract

Macquarie Island, in the Southern Ocean, was formed by oceanic crust uplift due to transpressivc forces between the Indian / Australian and Pacific oceanic plates, in a transpressional regime which has persisted over the last 10 Ma. The amount of uplift is affected by regional isostatic compensation for crustal thickening; accompanying effects are tilting of rocks and rotation of the southern segment of the island. Gabbro and serpentinite, in the north, and basalts, in the south, all of which were formed in the primary oceanic crust, are now exposed. Consequently, magnetic properties of igneous rocks on the island correlate with similar features on the Indian plate which is on both sides of it. In conflict with evidence from younger palaeontological and potassium-argon (K-Ar) dating, which may reflect later episodes, this suggests that the original oceanic crust composing the island was formed at the I ndian-Antarctic accreting mid-oceanic ridge around the time of anomaly 7 (27 Ma BY.).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Royal Society of Tasmania, RST, Van Diemens Land, natural history, science, ecology, taxonomy, botany, zoology, geology, geography, papers & proceedings, Australia, UTAS Library
Journal or Publication Title: Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Page Range: pp. 27-43
ISSN: 0080-4703
Additional Information: Copyright Royal Society of Tasmania
Date Deposited: 24 May 2012 01:32
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:35
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/13863
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