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Tertiary volcanic rocks of far N.W. Tasmania

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Sutherland, FL and Corbett, KD (1967) Tertiary volcanic rocks of far N.W. Tasmania. Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania, 101. pp. 71-92. ISSN 0080-4703

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Abstract

The Tertiary volcanic rocks of far north-west
Tasmania comprise tuffs, pillow-basalts and
breccias, entrail basalts, and massive basalts, and
eruptions appear to have occurred at several intervals
from Lower to Upper Tertiary times. Sea
level fluctuations have been important in determining
the form assumed by the flows. The lavas were
predominantly saturated black glass olivine basalts
with one extrusion of undersaturated olivine alkali
basalt. The oldest of the volcanics is a widespread
formation of sub-aqueously deposited tuffs. These
were followed, after a period of erosion, by massive
basalts, including a basal zone of entrail lava, which
were probably erupted during an Upper PalaeoceneUpper
Eocene marine regression. Extensive submarine
eruptions followed, resulting in the formation
of large cones composed predominantly of
pillow breccias. These were probably formed
during a marine transgression in the Upper EoceneUpper
Oligocene. A period of erosion, probably
subaerial, dissected these cones, and limestones
were later deposited on their eroded flanks during
a major marine transgression in the Miocene. A
final volcanic phase, probably during an Upper
Miocene-Pliocene marine regression, saw widespread
eruptions of massive basalts, some of which filled
valleys eroded in the older volcanics and sediments.
The magmatic history of the eruptions in
this area appears to be significantly different from
that of the Cainozoic volcanics of Victoria.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Royal Society of Tasmania, RST, Van Diemens Land, natural history, science, ecology, taxonomy, botany, zoology, geology, geography, papers & proceedings, Australia, UTAS Library
Journal or Publication Title: Papers and Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Page Range: pp. 71-92
ISSN: 0080-4703
Collections: Royal Society Collection > Papers & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Additional Information:

Copyright Royal Society of Tasmania

Date Deposited: 29 May 2012 02:07
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:37
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