Library Open Repository

Cambrian intrusion-related copper mineralisation at the Thomas Creek prospect, Southwestern Tasmania

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Reid, R (2001) Cambrian intrusion-related copper mineralisation at the Thomas Creek prospect, Southwestern Tasmania. Coursework Master thesis, University of Tasmania.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Front matter)
Front_Reid_R_MEcGeol2001.pdf | Download (1MB)
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.

[img]
Preview
PDF (Whole thesis)
Whole_Reid_R_MEcGeol2001.pdf | Download (12MB)
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.

Abstract

The Thomas Creek Prospect lies at the southern end of the Sorell Peninsula, western Tasmania and consists of intrusions believed to be coeval with copper mineralisation within a dioritic intrusive complex. The prospect is hosted by the Noddy Creek Volcanics, which are geochemically correlated to the calc-alkaline Mt Read Volcanics. Widespread (600 by 400 m) but low grade copper mineralisation is hosted by diorites and feldspar~augite porphyritic andesite intrusions, which have been intruded by chalcopyrite-bearing porphyritic micromonzodiorites. Early disseminated magnetite, pyrite and chalcopyrite formed prior to and synchronous with pervasive feldsparsilicate alteration. Various chalcopyrite-bearing vein generations (actinolite, tounnaline, K-feldspar- smectite, epidote and carbonate) have overprinted the earlyformed magnetite and feldspar-silicate alteration assemblages. The "immobile" elements (Ti and P) were mostly mobilised during the fonnation of pervasive K-feldspar hydrothermal alteration at Thomas Creek. A subset of the geochemical data set exhibits coherent behaviour, indicating that the diorites and porphyritic micromonzodiorites form a co-magmatic fractionation series. Coherent behaviour ofBa, Rb, Sr and K20 has been recognised for the igneous suite. Both primary and secondary K-feldspar appear to be intrusion-related. Fe, S, P, Zn and Cu appear to have been lost during fractionation due to devolatilisation of the micromonzodiorite magmas. Sulphur isotope values of sulphides at Thomas Creek range from -4.9 to 11.5%o. Sulphides in the early formed magnetite and feldspar-silicate alteration assemblages have similar s34s ranges (5.3 to 9.3%o). The isotopic range in the porphyritic micromonzodiorites (8.2 to 11.5%o) is believed to have formed in response to fractionation and devolatilisation of 32s-rich hydrothermal fluids, resulting in isotopically lighter signatures (-4.9 to 7.7%o) in veins related to the intrusions. Sulphur isotope geothennometry, utilising co-existing pyrite-chalcopyrite pairs, indicates mineralisation temperatures in veins ranged from 254 to 611 °C. Four stages of mineralisation have been recognised at Thomas Creek: 1:- early magnetite and feldspar-silicate alteration; 2:- emplacement of Cu-bearing micromonzodiorite intrusions and precipitation of coeval actinolite and tourmaline veins; 3:- K-feldspar- smectite vein formation; and 4:- epidote and carbonate veining_ Phases 1 and 2 represent periods of magma emplacement with some mixing of magmatic-hydrothermal water with seawater-derived fluid. Phase 3 veins appear to be of magmatic character, with minimal seawater influence. Phase 4 probably represents final incursion of seawater-derived fluids as the magmatic system waned. Thomas Creek can be correlated to Mt Lyell copper-gold mineralisation, based on similarity of sulphur isotope distribution and ore mineralogy. Mineralisation at the Thomas Creek Prospect is believed to represent the root zone of a Mt Lyell-type hydrothermal system_ There are also some similarities with the alkaline porphyry CuAu deposits of British Columbia, with Thomas Creek possibly being the submarine analogue of a porphyry system formed in a back arc environment.

Item Type: Thesis (Coursework Master)
Additional Information: Copyright the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2012 12:54
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:38
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/14506
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Repository Staff Only (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page