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Meteorology records for January, 1870 and remarks on observatory records, with health report for January and February, 1870, and a comparison of the vital statistics of 1869, with those of previous years

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Abbott, Francis and Hall, Edward Swarbreck (1870) Meteorology records for January, 1870 and remarks on observatory records, with health report for January and February, 1870, and a comparison of the vital statistics of 1869, with those of previous years. Monthly Notices of Papers & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania. i-iii.

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Abstract

Meteorological records recorded at the Observatory, Hobart Town. Also includes leafing, flowering, and fruiting times of a few standard plants in the Royal Societies gardens for the month of January and February, 1870.- The only striking variations from the usual January weather to be seen in the table are—First, the deficiency of ozone, the amount being much below the January average, and less than for any of the previous twelve years recorded; second: Windforce was much above the average with a great predominance from that point of the compass, N.W., most adverse to health; third: though the temperature mean was not in excess, the extreme range in the month was greatly so; fourth: Rainfall was most advantageously above the average, only one January in the twenty-nine years recorded having a greater fall, i.e., 1849, with the small superiority of four-hundreths of an inch. On the other hand humidity mean was considerably below the average. The electrical condition of the atmosphere recorded shows nothing inimical to health, the positive indications as well as the tension, being an usually fair proportion of the whole. The Hobarton district deaths this month, so far recorded, 64, are 15 above the average of the previous 13 years, 23 more than 1869 had, and considerably higher than any year since 1860, when 72 deaths occurred. 1858, the highest of the 13, having had the maximum 74, and 1864 the minimum 24. This excessive mortality was not owing to the prevalence of any epidemic disease, and it fell heaviest on adults and very aged persons. Of the 64 deaths, 19 only were under one year old, while 1860 had 28, and 1858 had 32. From 1 to 5 years old the present January had only 3 deaths, while 1860 had 7, but 1858 had 10, From 5 to 20 years old the deaths were 3, while 1860 had 7, but 1858 3 only also. From 20 and all ages above the deaths were 38, while 1860 had only 30, and 1858 only 29. Above 60 years old January, 1870, had 17 deaths, 1860 only 9, 1858 only 8. December, 1869, however, had 6 deaths less than the December average, while December, 1859, had 17 more than the average, and December, 1857, 3 more.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Royal Society of Tasmania, Van Diemens Land, VDL, Hobart Town, natural sciences, proceedings, records
Journal or Publication Title: Monthly Notices of Papers & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Page Range: i-iii
Additional Information: In 1843 the Horticultural and Botanical Society of Van Diemen's Land was founded and became the Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land for Horticulture, Botany, and the Advancement of Science in 1844. In 1855 its name changed to Royal Society of Tasmania for Horticulture, Botany, and the Advancement of Science. In 1911 the name was shortened to Royal Society of Tasmania.
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2012 04:05
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:43
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/15107
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