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Thistles: notes on Carduus arvensis, the common Creeping Thistle, with a short reference to Cnicus lanceolatus, the Spear or Plume Thistle

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Abbott, Francis (1878) Thistles: notes on Carduus arvensis, the common Creeping Thistle, with a short reference to Cnicus lanceolatus, the Spear or Plume Thistle. Papers & Proceedings and Report of the Royal Society of Tasmania. pp. 73-77.

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Abstract

Carduus arvensis is perhaps the commonest of European thistles.
It is well known under the names of "creeping," "wayside,"
"corn," and "vine," and latterly, in Tasmania, it has received
the additional one of "Californian." Why this latter name should
have been so long exclusively used for so common and well-known
a plant, it is difficult to conceive, although it no doubt originated
from the fact that some 20 or 25 years ago a shipment of barley,
purporting to be the Oregon variety, was received from California,
to which is attributed the introduction, or, at all events, the serious
augmentation of this weed. It is certain that wherever this barley
was used as seed, a plentiful crop of the thistle soon made its appearance,
and has ever since held possession of the ground, and thus
the term of Californian thistle originated. But the plant being so
common in Europe in all grain crops, especially oats, and being one
also that has followed cultivation to most parts of the world, it is
not improbable that it may have existed in the colony at a very early
date, there is however no evidence of its having been noticed before
the time specified.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Royal Society of Tasmania, Van Diemens Land, VDL, Hobart Town, natural sciences, proceedings, records
Journal or Publication Title: Papers & Proceedings and Report of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Page Range: pp. 73-77
Collections: Royal Society Collection > Papers & Proceedings of the Royal Society of Tasmania
Additional Information:

In 1843 the Horticultural and Botanical Society of Van Diemen's Land was founded and became the Royal Society of Van Diemen's Land for Horticulture, Botany, and the Advancement of Science in 1844. In 1855 its name changed to Royal Society of Tasmania for Horticulture, Botany, and the Advancement of Science. In 1911 the name was shortened to Royal Society of Tasmania.

Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2012 23:58
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:44
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