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Contrasts in lithospheric structure within the Australian craton-insights from surface wave tomography

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Fishwick, S and Kennett, BLN and Reading, AM (2005) Contrasts in lithospheric structure within the Australian craton-insights from surface wave tomography. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 231 (3-4). pp. 163-176. ISSN 0012-821X

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Abstract

Contrasts in the seismic structure of the lithosphere within and between elements of the Australian Craton are imaged using surface wave tomography. New data from the WACRATON and TIGGER experiments are integrated with re-processed data from previous temporary deployments of broad-band seismometers and permanent seismic stations. The much improved path coverage in critical regions allows an interpretation of structures in the west of Australia, and a detailed comparison between different cratonic regions. Improvements to the waveform inversion procedure and a new multi-scale tomographic method increase the reliability of the tomographic images. In the shallowest part of the model (75 km) a region of lowered velocity is imaged beneath central Australia, and confirmed by the delayed arrival times of body waves for short paths. Within the cratonic lithosphere there is clearly structure at scale lengths of a few hundred kilometres; resolution tests indicate that path coverage within the continent is sufficient to reveal features of this size in the upper part of our model. In Western Australia, differences are seen beneath and within the Archaean cratons: at depths greater than 150 km faster velocities are imaged beneath the Yilgarn Craton than beneath the Pilbara Craton. In the complex North Australian Craton a fast wavespeed anomaly continuing to at least 250 km is observed below parts of the craton, suggesting the possibility of Archaean lithosphere underlying areas of dominantly Proterozoic surface geology.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: lithosphere; Archaean; Proterozoic; Australia; surface wave tomography
Journal or Publication Title: Earth and Planetary Science Letters
Page Range: pp. 163-176
ISSN: 0012-821X
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.01.009
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2007
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:20
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/1596
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