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Jobs and environment: the 'double dividend' of ecological modernisation?


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Crowley, K (1999) Jobs and environment: the 'double dividend' of ecological modernisation? International Journal of Social Economics, 26 (7-9). pp. 1013-1026. ISSN 0306-8293

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This paper reviews the emergent literature on ecological modernization and considers its theoretical utility in terms of assessing environmental employment opportunities in Australia. It explores the potential for ecologically modernist policy to offer a way beyond "jobs versus environment" obstacles to greener employment. The future development of post industrial economies is said by ecological modernists to depend upon an ability to produce high value, high quality products with stringent enforcement standards. In these terms, environmental amenity becomes a superior good, and environmental protection not an economic burden, but an opportunity for enhanced growth and job creation. The employment impact of such claims is examined in the Australian context.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: environment; employment; green jobs; green industry; ecological modernisation; Australia
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Social Economics
Page Range: pp. 1013-1026
ISSN: 0306-8293
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1108/03068299910245787
Additional Information:

Definitive version is available online at

Date Deposited: 06 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:21
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