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Ectoparasites increase swimming costs in a coral reef fish

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Binning, SA and Roche, DR and Layton, C (2012) Ectoparasites increase swimming costs in a coral reef fish. Biology Letters, 9.

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Abstract

Ectoparasites can reduce individual fitness by negatively affecting behavioural, morphological and physiological traits. In fishes, there are potential costs if ectoparasites decrease streamlining, thereby directly compromising swimming performance. Few studies have examined the effects of ectoparasites on fish swimming performance and none distinguish between energetic costs imposed by changes in streamlining and effects on host physiology. The bridled monocle bream (Scolopsis bilineatus) is parasitized by an isopod (Anilocra nemipteri), which attaches above the eye. We show that parasitized fish have higher standard metabolic rates (SMRs), poorer aerobic capacities and lower maximum swimming speeds than non-parasitized fish. Adding a model parasite did not affect SMR, but reduced maximum swimming speed and elevated oxygen consumption rates at high speeds to levels observed in naturally parasitized fish. This demonstrates that ectoparasites create drag effects that are important at high speeds. The higher SMR of naturally parasitized fish does, however, reveal an effect of parasitism on host physiology. This effect was easily reversed: fish whose parasite was removed 24 h earlier did not differ from unparasitized fish in any performance metrics. In sum, the main cost of this ectoparasite is probably its direct effect on streamlining, reducing swimming performance at high speeds.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: respirometry, isopod, aerobic capacity, metabolic rate, critical swimming speed, drag
Journal or Publication Title: Biology Letters
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1098/rsbl2012.0927
Additional Information:

Copyright 2012 The Author

Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2013 00:05
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:54
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