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The effects of the Spanish Civil War on the writers of the British left : an investigation of political and literary interaction

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Bonner, Frances Jane (1968) The effects of the Spanish Civil War on the writers of the British left : an investigation of political and literary interaction. Unspecified thesis, University of Tasmania.

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Abstract

Controls over the mass media are effective insofar as they
facilitate the achievement of the goals of the organization and the
needs of the people associated with it, They are imposed in five areas,
the organization, the audience, the sources, the advertisers and the
legal. Apart :rem the last mentioned area, most controls are informal and
not even regarded as controls. The most basic organizational
control for example is the praise or promotion of workers who produce
material consonant with the style and expectations of their superiors.
This produces a body of people, particularly in the higher echelons
who do not need to be instructed over frequently as to the nature of
the product preferred by the owners or directors.
The legal controls exist primarily in the laws against defamation,
obscenity, blasphemy and sedition and in the various provisions
regarding contempt of court. The Customs Regulations affect the mass
media only in their concerns with imported magazines and imported film
for television. The Posts and Telegraph Act applies restrictions on
material sent through the mail and as most daily newspapers are registered,
as periodicals to be sent through the mails they come under
additional restrictions here. One of the few legal restraints which
exists solely in regard to the mass media is the D notice system under
which information which could be prejudicial to the defence of Australia
is prohibited from being used on or in any mass medium.
The press is not controlled to the same extent by Government
legislation as are the electronic media and they appear to be more
subject to controls by tradition and by a more formal organization
structure. In all but one case (Consolidated Press, which recently sold
its sole daily paper) the media monopolies are based on newspaper
holdings ) for initially the Government favoured the applications for
television licences of those with experience in the media field.
Both the Government instrumentalities, the A.B.C. and the Australian
Broadcasting Control Board i have been hindered in their operations
and development by Government interference in areas which should have
been the concern solely of the body itself. Now that most radio and
television licences have been allocated, the main concern of the Control Board seems to be with ensuring that programmes do not offend
'good taste' and that a certain amount of good children's, religious
and educational programmes are broadcast. Commercial radio and television
are controlled by the Control Board, desire to make a profit
and the belief, of varying degrees of intensity, that they are performing
a community service.
A case study of Southern Tasmania examines the day-to-day operations
of various media in a restricted area in an attempt to find
more about the undocumented controls. Finally it is concluded that the
main factor common to all controls over the mass media in Australia
is fear, of public relations, of superior's displeasure, of losing
money or office, of offending foreign powers or influential people,
and a fear of the effects that the mass media may have.

Item Type: Thesis (Unspecified)
Keywords: English literature
Copyright Holders: The Author
Copyright Information:

Copyright 1968 the Author - The University is continuing to endeavour to trace the copyright
owner(s) and in the meantime this item has been reproduced here in good faith. We
would be pleased to hear from the copyright owner(s).

Additional Information:

Thesis (B.A. (Hons.))--University of Tasmania, 1969. Includes bibliographical references

Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2014 00:50
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2016 22:49
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