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The ecology of photosynthetic bacteria in Burton Lake, Vestfold Hills, Antarctica

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Burke, C and Burton, HR (1988) The ecology of photosynthetic bacteria in Burton Lake, Vestfold Hills, Antarctica. Hydrobiologia, 165 (1). pp. 1-11. ISSN 1573-5117

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Abstract

Photosynthetic bacteria in Burton Lake, a seasonally tidal, meromictic lake of maximum depth 18 m, located in the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica, were studied throughout 1983. The dominant species were Chlorobium vibrioforme and Chlorobium limicola (up to 5.4 X 10 to the power of 6 cells ml to power of ml minus 1) and minor species were Thiocapsa roseopersicina (< 1.25 X 10 to the power of 5 cells ml to the power minus 1) and Rhodopseudomonas palustris (< 100 cells ml minus 1). The Chlorobium spp. and T. roseopersicina were found throughout the anoxic water, which ranged in temperature from -0.5 C to -2.2 C, but did not form discrete layers at the O2 and H2S interface. The growth zone, however, of the Chlorobium spp. was delineated by the presence of light and H2S and was restricted to less than 3 m below the O2 and H2S interface. R. palustris was found in oxic and anoxic water. Available light, which varied from 0 to 4.9 µE m to the power of minus 2 s to the power of minus 1 at the O2 to H2S interface, was considered to be the major environmental factor controlling growth of the bacterial phototrophs. Growth was initiated in spring in low light levels (<1 µE m to the power of minus 2 s to the power of minus 1) following 3 months of darkness during winter. It is concluded that the dominance of the Chlorobium spp. was a result of their more efficient maintenance metabolism in winter and of their greater efficiency in utilizing low intensity light.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Photosynthetic bacteria, meromictic, Antarctica, Chlorobium, Burton Lake.
Journal or Publication Title: Hydrobiologia
Page Range: pp. 1-11
ISSN: 1573-5117
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1007/BF00025569
Additional Information: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2007
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:22
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/1916
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