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Fitting Together the H i Absorption and Emission in the Southern Galactic Plane Survey
Dickey, JM and McClure-Griffiths, NM and Gaensler, BM and Green, AJ (2003) Fitting Together the H i Absorption and Emission in the Southern Galactic Plane Survey. Astrophysical Journal, 585 (1). pp. 801-822.
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In this paper we study 21 cm absorption spectra and the corresponding emission spectra toward bright continuum sources in the test region (326deg<l<333deg) of the Southern Galactic Plane Survey. This survey combines the high resolution of the Australia Telescope Compact Array with the full brightness temperature information of the Parkes single-dish telescope. In particular, we focus on the abundance and temperature of the cool atomic clouds in the inner Galaxy. The resulting mean opacity of the H i, <kappa>, is measured as a function of Galactic radius; it increases going in from the solar circle, to a peak in the molecular ring of about 4 times its local value. This suggests that the cool phase is more abundant there, and colder, than it is locally. The distribution of cool-phase temperatures is derived in three different ways. The naive, "spin temperature" technique overestimates the cloud temperatures, as expected. Using two alternative approaches, we get good agreement on a histogram of the cloud temperatures, Tcool, corrected for blending with warm-phase gas. The median temperature is about 65 K, but there is a long tail reaching down to temperatures below 20 K. Clouds with temperatures below 40 K are common though not as common as warmer clouds (40-100 K). Using these results, we discuss two related quantities, the peak brightness temperature seen in emission surveys and the incidence of clouds seen in H i self-absorption. Both phenomena match what would be expected based on our measurements of <kappa> and Tcool.
|Keywords:||atoms: clouds: structure: radio lines|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Astrophysical Journal|
|Page Range:||pp. 801-822|
|Identification Number - DOI:||10.1086/346081|
|Additional Information:||Copyright 2003, The American Astronomical Society.|
|Date Deposited:||11 Oct 2007 05:34|
|Last Modified:||18 Nov 2014 03:23|
|Item Statistics:||View statistics for this item|
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