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Multicentre study of delirium in ICU patients using a simple screening tool

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Roberts, B and Rickard, CM and Rajbhandari, D and Turner, G and Clarke, J and Hill, D and Tauschke, C and Chaboyer, W and Parsons, R (2005) Multicentre study of delirium in ICU patients using a simple screening tool. Australian Critical Care, 18 (1). pp. 6-16.

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Abstract

Background Traditionally, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) delirium was viewed as benign and was under-diagnosed in the absence of ICU-appropriate screening tools. Research suggests that up to half of all ICU patients experiencing delirium will continue to do so after discharge to the ward, and half of those experiencing delirium in the ward will die within one year of delirium diagnosis. ICU-specific screening tools are now available. Aims The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence of delirium in ICU and explore its associations to clinical factors and outcomes. A secondary aim was to evaluate the usefulness of the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist (ICDSC). Setting Six ICUs in Australia and New Zealand Method 185 patients were screened for delirium using the ICDSC over two 12-hour periods per day for the duration of their ICU admission. Result 84 patients (45%) developed delirium. Development of delirium was associated with increased severity of illness (APACHE II and SOFA), ICU length of stay (LOS), and use of psycho-active drugs. Delirious patients showed no statistically significant difference in ICU and hospital mortality rates nor prolonged hospital LOS. The ICDSC was found to be user-friendly. Conclusion The incidence of delirium, observed characteristics and outcomes for patients admitted to Australian and New Zealand ICUs for >36 hours without any history of altered mental state fell in the mid-range and were generally consistent with previous literature. An ICU-specific delirium assessment, such as the ICDSC should be included in routine ICU observations to minimise under-diagnosis of this serious phenomenon.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: intensive care delirium
Journal or Publication Title: Australian Critical Care
Page Range: pp. 6-16
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2005
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:10
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/213
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