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Costly parasite resistance: a genotype-dependent handicap in sand lizards?
Olsson, M and Wapstra, E and Madsen, T and Ujvari, B and Rugfelt, C (2005) Costly parasite resistance: a genotype-dependent handicap in sand lizards? Biology Letters, 1. pp. 375-377. ISSN 1744-9561
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Male sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) with a specific restriction fragment length polymorphism fragment in their major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genotype (‘O-males’) are more resistant to ectoparasites (a tick, Ixodes ricinus) than are males that lack this fragment (‘NO-males’). However, emerging evidence suggests that such adaptive immune responses are costly, here manifested by reduced body condition and a compromised defence against secondary infections by haemoprotid parasites that use the ticks as vectors. Subsequent to tick encounter, O-males suffer from a higher leucocyte–erythrocyte ratio, and higher haemoprotid parasitaemia, in particular in relation to vector encounter rate. Furthermore, O-males (i.e. successful tick defenders) with more haemoprotid parasites remaining in their blood stream were in better body condition, whereas this did not apply in NO-males, demonstrating that the adaptive immunoreaction can—in the short term—be energetically even more costly than being moderately parasitized. In agreement with Zahavian handicap theory, O-males had a (marginally) higher reproductive success than males that lacked this fragment.
|Keywords:||MHC; costly parasite resistance; handicap; sand lizard|
|Journal or Publication Title:||Biology Letters|
|Page Range:||pp. 375-377|
|Identification Number - DOI:||10.1098/rsbl.2005.0339|
|Date Deposited:||15 Oct 2007 03:19|
|Last Modified:||18 Nov 2014 03:23|
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