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Science into policy? Discourse, coastalmanagement and knowledge

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Nursey-bray, M and Vince, J and Scott, M and Haward, M and O'Toole, K and Smith, T and Harvey, N and Clarke, B (2014) Science into policy? Discourse, coastalmanagement and knowledge. Environmental Science and Policy, 38. pp. 107-119. ISSN 1462-9011

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Abstract

The world’s coastal resources are under pressure, even more so under climate change with
90% of the world’s population living near or along our coastal zone. Ecologically, this zone is
also the most productive, and the mainstay of economic livelihoods on a global scale.
Managing the coast effectively is crucial, but as an area it remains contested. Despite
multiple efforts to manage the coast, it remains a contested space. This paper offers a
reflection into the ways in which different discourses influence and impact on one specific
dimension of coastal zone management—the transmission of science into the policy
domain. Using historical and discourse analysis, we find that the science-policy interface
is largely constructed within two knowledge discourses: (i) scientific knowledge and (ii) local
knowledge. This arbitrary separation into a binary discursive landscape mitigates against
science-policy integration in practice especially given each discourse in itself, encompasses
multiple forms of knowledge. We argue that in order to better understand how to build
scientific research outputs into policy, decision makers and researchers need to understand
how knowledge works in practice, overcome this dichotomous construction of knowledge
and specifically, re-construct or transition the notion of ‘science as knowledge’ into ‘all
knowledge types’ into policy.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Knowledge; Science policy; Coastal management; Community knowledge; Discourse; Indigenous
Journal or Publication Title: Environmental Science and Policy
Publisher: Elsevier
Page Range: pp. 107-119
ISSN: 1462-9011
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2013.10.010
Copyright Holders: Elsevier Ltd.
Copyright Information:

Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2015 01:28
Last Modified: 17 Feb 2015 01:28
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