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Developing a standardised approach to measuring the environmental footprint of Antarctic research stations

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BROOKS, SHAUN T. (2014) Developing a standardised approach to measuring the environmental footprint of Antarctic research stations. Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management, 16 (04). p. 1450037. ISSN 1464-3332

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Abstract

Within the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings, momentum has been building to define
and manage the human footprint of research stations in Antarctica. This has been reflected
by national operators and researchers offering varied approaches to measuring “footprint”.
By not having a standard method, comparative measurements have shown great disparity.
By formulating a standard approach, this study delivered a method that enables comparison.
To achieve this, recognition was needed of the vastly different environments in which
Antarctic stations are situated. To aid this, defining what to measure, resources consumed,
and location descriptors were developed to represent the actual impact of the footprint. The
model was then tested on Australia’s Davis Station. Inspection of aerial photography and
mapping with geographical information systems was supported by field measurements.
The model was found to be applicable, with on-the-ground measurements detecting additional
footprint area not obvious from the desktop methods. While open to refinement,
this study offers a standardised and comparable approach to measuring the footprint of
Antarctic research stations.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Antarctica; footprint; environmental impacts; research stations.
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Assessment Policy and Management
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Page Range: p. 1450037
ISSN: 1464-3332
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1142/S1464333214500379
Copyright Holders: World Scientific Publishing Company (or its subsidiaries)
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2016 23:28
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2016 23:28
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