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Ballast Water Heating Offers a Superior Treatment Option


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Rigby, G and Hallegraeff, GM and Taylor, A (2003) Ballast Water Heating Offers a Superior Treatment Option. Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering, 39 (7). pp. 1233-1246. ISSN 1061-026X

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Ballast water regulations in place in many parts of the world to minimise the risks associated with the introduction and establishment of nonindigenous organisms into ports around the world currently require ship’s Masters to undertake a range of approved management procedures, primarily based on exchanging the water at sea during the voyage. Limitations associated with ocean exchange have prompted significant research and development into alternative treatment techniques that will offer enhanced biological effectiveness and make practical implementation, ship’s safety and cost more attractive.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Ballast water, heating, invasions, marine organisms, translocation, treatment.
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Marine Environmental Engineering
Page Range: pp. 1233-1246
ISSN: 1061-026X
Date Deposited: 16 Nov 2007 02:33
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:25
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