Please Note:

The Open Access Repository will be moving to a new authentication system on the 1st of November.

From this date onwards, account holders will be required to login using their University of Tasmania credentials.
If your current repository username differs from your University username, please email E.Prints@utas.edu.au so we can update these details on your behalf.

Due to the change, there will be a short outage of the repository from 9am on the morning of the 1st of November

Open Access Repository

Forced depression of leaf hydraulic conductance in situ : effects on the leaf gas exchange of forest trees

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

Brodribb, TJ (2007) Forced depression of leaf hydraulic conductance in situ : effects on the leaf gas exchange of forest trees. Functional Ecology, 21 (4). pp. 705-712. ISSN 0269-8463

[img] PDF
Fun__Ecol__Forc...pdf | Request a copy
Full text restricted
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.

Abstract

1. Recent work on the hydraulic conductance of leaves suggests that maximum photosynthetic performance of a leaf is defined largely by its plumbing. Pursuing this idea, we tested how the diurnal course of gas exchange of trees in a dry tropical forest was affected by artificially depressing the hydraulic conductance of leaves (Kleaf).

2. Individual leaves from four tropical tree species were exposed to a brief episode of forced evaporation by blowing warm air over leaves in situ. Despite humid soil and atmospheric conditions, this caused leaf water potential (Ψleaf) to fall sufficiently to induce a 50–74% drop in Kleaf.

3. Two of the species sampled proved highly sensitive to artificially depressed Kleaf, leading to a marked and sustained decline in the instantaneous rate of CO2 uptake, stomatal conductance and transpiration. Leaves of these species showed a depression of hydraulic and photosynthetic capacity in response to the ‘blow-dry’ treatment similar to that observed when major veins in the leaf were severed.

4. By contrast, the other two species sampled were relatively insensitive to Kleaf manipulation; photosynthetic rates were indistinguishable from control (untreated) leaves 4 h after treatment. These insensitive species demonstrate a linear decline of Kleaf with Ψleaf, while Kleaf in the two sensitive species falls precipitously at a critical water deficit.

5. We propose that a sigmoidal Kleaf vulnerability enables a high diurnal yield of CO2 at the cost of exposing leaves to the possibility of xylem cavitation. Linear Kleaf vulnerability leads to a relatively lower CO2 yield, while providing better protection against cavitation.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: dry tropics, leaf hydraulics, photosynthetic depression, cavitation, diurnal, assimilation
Journal or Publication Title: Functional Ecology
Page Range: pp. 705-712
ISSN: 0269-8463
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2007.01271.x
Additional Information:

The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com

Date Deposited: 29 Nov 2007 00:19
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:25
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page
TOP