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Fatigue Test and Design of Welded T-Connections in Thin Cold- Formed Square Hollow Sections Under In-plane Bending


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Mashiri, FR and Zhao, XL and Grundy, P (2002) Fatigue Test and Design of Welded T-Connections in Thin Cold- Formed Square Hollow Sections Under In-plane Bending. Journal of Structural Engineering - ASCE, 128 (11). pp. 1413-1422. ISSN 0733-9445

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There is an increased use of thin-walled (t<4mm) hollow sections in the manufacture of lighting poles, traffic sign supports,swing-ploughs, linkage graders, trailers and haymakers. These structures are subjected to fatigue loading. A review of current fatigue design guidelines showed that there is a lack of design rules for nodal joints made up of thin-walled (t<4mm) hollow sections. This paper describes the tests carried out on welded thin-walled (t<4mm) tube-to-tube T-connections made up of square hollow sections under cyclic in-plane bending. Different failure modes were obtained during fatigue testing. The experimental stress concentration factors determined in this investigation were found to be significantly lower than the stress concentration factors from the existing parametric equations from the International Institute of Welding. The design Sr.hs-N curves have been determined for the hot spot stress method from Sr.hs-N data based on both experimental and parametric equation stress concentration factors. Design Sr.hs-N curves have been derived from the fatigue data using least-squares method. The design Sr.hs-N curves derived from the experimental fatigue data are lower than the expected design curve resulting from the current trend for design Sr.hs-N curves for different thicknesses from the International Institute of Welding (IIW) and the International Committee for the Development and Study of Tubular Construction (CIDECT). Three design approaches are proposed for welded T-connections in thin cold-formed square hollow sections under cyclic in-plane bending.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Structural Engineering - ASCE
Page Range: pp. 1413-1422
ISSN: 0733-9445
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9445(2002)128:1(22)
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2007 01:00
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:25
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