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Incineration of waste at Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory

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O’Brien, J and Todd, JJ and Kriwoken, L (2004) Incineration of waste at Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory. Polar Record, 40 (3). pp. 221-234. ISSN 0032-2474

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Abstract

The Australian Antarctic Division manages four permanent stations in the sub-Antarctic and Antarctic. At each station a municipal waste incinerator is used to dispose of putrescible waste, wood, paper, cardboard, and
plastics. Incineration significantly reduces the volume of waste but this combustion also emits toxic compounds. This
study examined the waste incineration stream at Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory. The waste stream was sorted, burnt, and the incinerator emissions monitored. Twelve chemical compounds in gaseous emissions and heavy
metals in the ash were measured. Results indicate that emissions of carbon monoxide are higher than one might expect from a small incinerator, and hydrocarbon emissions from the incinerator exceed combined hydrocarbon emissions
from other sources on station. Arsenic and copper concentrations in ash, which is returned to Australia for disposal, exceed limits for hazardous waste disposal and so treatment would be required. Recommendations are provided on
controlling source material in order to reduce or eliminate toxic emissions and undertaking incinerator maintenance to
optimise combustion.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Casey Station, Australian Antarctic Territory, incineration of waste, hazardous waste disposal
Journal or Publication Title: Polar Record
Page Range: pp. 221-234
ISSN: 0032-2474
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1017/S003224740400347X
Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2008 21:42
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:27
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