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Estimates of genetic and phenotypic parameters for dairy traits in Friesian-Bunaji crossbreds

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Malau-Aduli, AEO and Abubakar, BY and Dim, NI (1995) Estimates of genetic and phenotypic parameters for dairy traits in Friesian-Bunaji crossbreds. In: Australian Association of Animal Breeding and Genetics, July 1995, Adelaide.

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Abstract

Genetic and phenotypic parameters for dairy traits were computed using data on Friesian-Bunaji crossbred cows collected over a twenty-three year period (1967-1989) from the dairy herd of the National Animal Production Research Institute Shika, Zaria, Nigeria. Estimated repeatabilities computed from variance components were 0.72 ± 0.06,0.60 ± 0.10,0.73 ± 0.02,0.53 ± 0.24 and 0.56 ± 0.18 for total lactation yield, lactation length, 305-day yield, calving interval and dry period, respectively. Heritability estimates were 0.44 ± 0.07,0.52 ± 0.12,0.30 ± 0.13,0.18 ± 0.02,0.26 ± 0.08 and 0.27 ± 0.10 for total lactation yield, lactation length, 305-day yield, calving interval, dry period and age at first calving,respectively. Genetic and phenotypic correlation coefficients between traits were medium to high, ranging from 0.30 to 0.95. The results of this study showed that the genetic response to selection in Friesian-Bunaji crosses for total lactation yield, 305-day yield and lactation length could be moderately high since the proportion of additive genetic variance was fairly high. Improvement programmes for age at first calving, calving interval and dry period should focus mostly on management, given their low heritability estimates.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Keywords: Genetic, phenotypic, heritabilities, variance components, correlations, repeatabilities, lactation, growth, calving interval, dry period
Journal or Publication Title: x
Page Range: pp. 299-302
ISSN: 1328-3227
Additional Information: In: W.S. Pitchford (Editor). Breeding for Quality and Profit. Proceedings Australian Association of Animal Breeding and Genetics, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia, vol.11, 299-302.
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2008 03:32
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:28
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/3000
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