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Interdecadal water mass changes in the Southern Ocean between 30E and 160E


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Aoki, S and Bindoff, NL and Church, JA (2005) Interdecadal water mass changes in the Southern Ocean between 30E and 160E. Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (L07607). pp. 1-5. ISSN 0094-8276

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Interdecadal water mass changes in the Indian -Western Pacific sectors of the Southern Ocean were investigated using the Japanese Antarctic Research Expeditions and historical hydrographic observations from the 1950s to 1990s. Freshening and cooling occurred on the neutral density surfaces of 27.0 kgm3 equatorward of Sub- Antarctic Front. Results for the area south of the Polar Front show warm and saline anomalies and oxygen decreases on the surfaces around 27.9 kgm3, which correspond to the Upper Circumpolar Deep Water. These latter anomalies are most simply explained by the mixing of these shallow waters with warmer and fresher surface waters. Steric sea level has also increased with an average change of 1mmyr1 from the 1970s to 1990s. The changes are larger north of the Sub-Antarctic Front, implying a strengthening of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. It appears that the observed changes are consistent with the results from coupled climate model results for a similar period.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Research Letters
Page Range: pp. 1-5
ISSN: 0094-8276
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1029/2004GL022220
Additional Information: Copyright 2005 American Geophysical Union.
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2008 00:29
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:31
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