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The response of leaf morphology to irradiance depends upon altitude of origin in Nothofagus cunninghamii.

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Hovenden, MJ and Vander Schoor, JK (2006) The response of leaf morphology to irradiance depends upon altitude of origin in Nothofagus cunninghamii. New Phytologist, 169 (2). pp. 291-297. ISSN 0028-646X

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Abstract

Leaf morphology varies reliably with increasing altitude in many species and this is generally considered to be related to temperature. Changes in irradiance with elevation may confound any relationships between a morphological character and altitude, particularly if altitude of origin affects the response to irradiance. Here we describe the interaction between irradiance and altitude of origin on leaf morphology of Southern beech, Nothofagus cunninghamii (Hook.) Oerst.. Cuttings from each of four altitudes were grown in a glasshouse under full sunlight or 50% shade and leaf morphology related to irradiance, altitude of origin and accession. There was a significant interaction between irradiance and altitude of origin for leaf length, width, thickness, area, weight, specific leaf area and stomatal density. There was no effect of altitude on leaf length to width ratio or stomatal index, nor was there an interaction between irradiance and altitude of origin for these variables. These results show that a plant’s altitude of origin has an overriding impact on the leaf morphological response to irradiance. This must be considered in climatic reconstructions.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: irradiance, altitude, Nothofagus cunninghamii, leaf morphology, stomatal density, stomatal index, palaeoecology
Journal or Publication Title: New Phytologist
Page Range: pp. 291-297
ISSN: 0028-646X
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01585.x
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2008 03:23
Last Modified: 18 Jul 2008 10:44
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/3665
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