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Diagnosing the poor performance of self-worth protective students: a product of future outcome uncertainty, evaluative threat, or both?

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Thompson, T and Parker, CL (2007) Diagnosing the poor performance of self-worth protective students: a product of future outcome uncertainty, evaluative threat, or both? Educational Psychology, 27 (1). pp. 111-134. ISSN 0144-3410

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Abstract

Self-worth protective students characteristically perform well on some occasions yet on other occasions
they perform poorly. In this study, two accounts of the poor performance of self-worth
protective students are assessed. The first is that their poor performance is an outcome of evaluative
threat. The second is that their poor performance is an outcome of future outcome uncertainty:
a product of their uncertain global self-esteem and uncertainty about the causes of
achievement outcomes. Students high or low in self-worth protection were exposed to either
noncontingent success (creating future outcome uncertainty), noncontingent failure (evoking evaluative
threat), or contingent success. Their ability to solve two tasks that involved a high degree of
uncertainty was then assessed. Students high in self-worth protection performed poorly following
both noncontingent failure and noncontingent success, supporting the roles of both evaluative
threat and future outcome uncertainty. The implications in terms of enhancing the achievement of
students high in self-worth protection are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Educational Psychology
Publisher: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group
Page Range: pp. 111-134
ISSN: 0144-3410
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1080/01443410601061512
Additional Information:

The definitive version is available online at
http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content?

Copyright © 2007 Taylor & Francis

Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2008 14:28
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:34
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