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Breed differences and heterosis in triacylglycerol fatty acid composition of bovine adipose tissue

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Malau-Aduli, AEO and Edriss, MA and Siebert, BD and Bottema, CDK and Pitchford, WS (2000) Breed differences and heterosis in triacylglycerol fatty acid composition of bovine adipose tissue. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 83 (2). pp. 106-112. ISSN 0931-2439

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Abstract

Subcutaneous adipose tissues were biopsied in purebred Jersey (n=17), purebred Limousin (n=17) and reciprocal F1 JerseyxLimousin crossbred (n=33) calves at the age of 9 to 10 months. Triacylglycerol fatty acids were extracted and analysed for sex and breed differences. Heterosis, additive and maternal variances were estimated. All calves were pasture-fed in a single management group and biopsied from the same anatomical site. Heifer calves had significantly higher proportions of palmitoleate, total mono-unsaturated fatty acids, desaturation index and lower stearate than steer calves. Significant breed differences were observed in that Limousin calves had the highest proportions of palmitate and total saturated fatty acids, whereas Jersey calves had the most palmitoleate and desaturation index. Dominance effects were evident in the proportions of palmitate, stearate, desaturation and elongation enzyme indices due to the observed highly significant heterosis effect. Myristate, palmitate and total saturated fatty acids were considered heritable due to the observed highly significant additive genetic effect.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Triacylglycerol fatty acids, Limousin, Jersey, Jersey x Limousin crossbred, Heterosis, Breed differences
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
Page Range: pp. 106-112
ISSN: 0931-2439
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0396.2000.00257.x
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2007
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:12
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/655
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