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Detection of organic enrichment near finfish net-pens by sediment profile imaging at SCUBA-accessible depths

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Wildish, DJ and Hargrave, BT and MacLeod, C and Crawford, CM (2003) Detection of organic enrichment near finfish net-pens by sediment profile imaging at SCUBA-accessible depths. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 285-28. pp. 403-413. ISSN 0022-0981

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Abstract

Sediment profile images (SPI) of cores collected by SCUBA diver were obtained using a modified Hargrave corer from fish farm sites in the Bay of Fundy, Canada and southeastern Tasmania, Australia. Shipboard and land based photography were used to obtain the SPI with a tripod mounted digital camera and image analysis by commercially available software. Computer images were analyzed to determine the variables used by Nilsson and Rosenberg [Mar. Ecol., Prog. Ser. 197 (2000) 139], modified to account for non-equilibrium conditions, to assess successional stages of organic enrichment. To validate the method, we concurrently sampled macrofaunal species composition and abundance and measured profiles of redox potentials and total sulphides by ion analysis. In each case, the null hypothesis that sediments collected directly under an active salmon net-pen were indistinguishable from a nearby reference site was rejected. The SPI method can successfully detect organic enrichment where impacts occur in soft sediments in geographically diverse locations.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: SPI; Organic enrichment; Net-pens; SCUBA
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Page Range: pp. 403-413
ISSN: 0022-0981
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1016/S0022-0981(02)00540-3
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
Date Deposited: 29 May 2008 00:57
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:42
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/6627
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