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Bacteriophage in polar inland waters


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Säwström, C and Lisle, J and Anesio, AM and Priscu, JC and Laybourn-Parry, J (2008) Bacteriophage in polar inland waters. Extremophiles, 12 (2). pp. 167-175. ISSN 1431-0651

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Bacteriophages are found wherever microbial life is present and play a significant role in aquatic ecosystems. They mediate microbial abundance, production, respiration, diversity, genetic transfer, nutrient cycling and particle size distribution. Most studies of bacteriophage ecology have been undertaken at temperate latitudes. Data on bacteriophages in polar inland waters are scant but the indications are that they play an active and dynamic role in these microbially dominated polar ecosystems. This review summarises what is presently known about polar inland bacteriophages, ranging from subglacial Antarctic lakes to glacial ecosystems in the Arctic. The review examines interactions between bacteriophages and their hosts and the abiotic and biotic variables that influence these interactions in polar inland waters. In addition, we consider the proportion of the bacteria in Arctic and Antarctic lake and glacial waters that are lysogenic and visibly infected with viruses. We assess the relevance of bacteriophages in the microbial loop in the extreme environments of Antarctic and Arctic inland waters with an emphasis on carbon cycling.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Bacteriophage Bacteria Arctic Antarctic Carbon cycling Lysogeny Polar inland waters Review
Journal or Publication Title: Extremophiles
Page Range: pp. 167-175
ISSN: 1431-0651
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1007/s00792-007-0134-6
Additional Information: The original publication is available at
Date Deposited: 18 Jun 2008 00:01
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:43
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