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Population trends of Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) breeding colonies: a spatial analysis of the effects of snow accumulation and human activities

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Bricher, PK and Lucieer, A and Woehler, E (2008) Population trends of Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) breeding colonies: a spatial analysis of the effects of snow accumulation and human activities. Polar Biology. ISSN 0722-4060 (Print) 1432-2056 (Online)

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Abstract

Abstract Many of the Adélie penguin colonies used for long-term demographic studies are located near research stations, and there is a need to disentangle the eVects of human activities and environmental variability on Adélie penguin population trends. This study used Geographic Information Systems and decision trees to examine whether potential changes in snow cover and/or proximity to human activities were able to explain the varying population trends of colonies at two breeding localities near Casey, East Antarctica. At the less visited site, Whitney Pt, wind exposure and snow accumulation correctly predicted the broad trends of colonies in most (84%) instances, whereas at Shirley I their predictive accuracy fell to 58%. At Shirley I, proximity to human activity correctly predicted the broad trends for 84% of colonies. While snow accumulation patterns are a primary driver of variation in population trends among colonies, the eVect of snow accumulation is outweighed by proximity to human activities near Casey.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adélie · Penguin · Human · Snow · Spatial
Journal or Publication Title: Polar Biology
ISSN: 0722-4060 (Print) 1432-2056 (Online)
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1007/s00300-008-0479-z
Additional Information: The original publication is available at www.springerlink.com
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2008 00:17
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:44
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/6986
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