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The Alteration Box Plot: A Simple Approach to Understanding the Relationship between Alteration Mineralogy and Lithogeochemistry Associated with VHMS Deposits

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Large, RR and Gemmell, JB and Paulick, H (2001) The Alteration Box Plot: A Simple Approach to Understanding the Relationship between Alteration Mineralogy and Lithogeochemistry Associated with VHMS Deposits. Economic Geology, 96 (5). pp. 957-971.

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Abstract

Zonal alteration is a common feature in volcanic rocks surrounding seafloor massive sulfide deposits. Alteration indexes such as the Ishikawa alteration index (AI) and the chlorite-carbonate-pyrite index (CCPI) have been developed to measure the intensity of sericite, chlorite, carbonate and pyrite replacement of sodic feldspars and glass associated with hydrothermal alteration proximal to the orebodies. In this paper a simple graphical representation of Ishikawa AI plotted against CCPI, termed the 'alteration box plot', is used to characterise the different alteration trends related to massive sulfide ores, and to assist in the distinction of volcanic-hosted massive sulfide (VHMS)-related hydrothermal alteration from regional diagenetic alteration. Although there are some limitations with the technique, a series of case studies are used to demonstrate that the alteration box plot is a powerful means of understanding the relationship between mineralogy, lithogeochemistry and intensity of alteration in zoned alteration systems related to VHMS deposits and should assist the exploration geologist in determining vectors to the centre of the ore system.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: VHMS, alteration zones, sericite, chlorite, vector, exploration, halo, VMS, Massive sulphide, alteration indicies, index
Journal or Publication Title: Economic Geology
Page Range: pp. 957-971
Identification Number - DOI: 10.2113/96.5.957
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2007
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:13
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/730
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