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Genetic structure of a Mycosphaerella cryptica population

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Milgate, AW and Joyce, K and Potts, BM and Mohammed, CL and Vaillancourt, RE (2005) Genetic structure of a Mycosphaerella cryptica population. Australasian Plant Pathology, 34 (3). pp. 345-354.

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Abstract

We studied the genetic structure of Mycosphaerella cryptica following natural infection of a Eucalyptus globulus genetic trial. Results from this study indicated significant genetic variation within and between E. globulus families (three cloned and control-crossed F2 and four open-pollinated families). Single ascospore isolates were sampled from 72 E. globulus trees with contrasting levels of resistance within the trial, 21 E. nitens trees in an adjacent plantation, and five distant Eucalyptus plantation trees (two E. globulus 100—2400 km; two E. nitens 50—2200 km; one E. grandis  E. tereticornis hybrid 1500 km from the trial). DNA from these isolates was scored for the presence/absence of 75 random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) loci. Only 18 RAPD genotypes, which appeared to recombine rarely, were present among the 98 isolates, which indicates that M. cryptica is not strictly heterothallic. Cluster analysis using genetic distance revealed that M. cryptica genotypes from the field trial grouped into two clusters that matched differences in isolate culture morphology, indicating that the fungal population comprised two distinctive biotypes. The two biotypes differed markedly in their host interactions. Biotype 2 was only found on E. globulus while biotype 1 infected both E. globulus and E. nitens eucalypt species. Within E. globulus, biotype 2 was almost exclusively collected on resistant trees while biotype 1 was found on both resistant and susceptible trees. The hypothesis that there could be specialisation of M. cryptica biotypes occurring at two levels, among host species and within host species, is discussed.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: biotypes, mating system, population structure, resistance, recombination
Journal or Publication Title: Australasian Plant Pathology
Page Range: pp. 345-354
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1071/AP05044
Additional Information: BM Potts. Copyright © 2005 CSIRO
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2008 04:42
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:49
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/7465
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