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Qualitative analysis of some carboxylic acids by ion-exclusion chromatography with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometric detection

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Helaleh, MIH and Tanaka, K and Taoda, H and Hu, W and Hasebe, K and Haddad, PR (2002) Qualitative analysis of some carboxylic acids by ion-exclusion chromatography with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometric detection. Journal of Chromatography A, 956 (1-2). pp. 201-208. ISSN 0021-9673

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Abstract

A simple, selective and sensitive method for the determination of carboxylic acids has been developed. A mixture of formic, acetic, propionic, valeric, isovaleric, isobutyric, and isocaproic acids has been separated on a polymethacrylate-based weak acidic cation-exchange resin (TSK gel OA pak-A) based on an ion-exclusion chromatographic mechanism with detection using UV-photodiode array, conductivity and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization mass spectrometry (APCI-MS). A mobile phase consisting of 0.85 mM benzoic acid in 10% aqueous methanol (pH 3.89) was used to separate the above carboxylic acids in about 40 min. For LC–MS, the APCI interface was used in the negative ionization mode. Linear plots of peak area versus concentration were obtained over the range 1–30 mM (r2=0.9982) and 1–30 mM (r2=0.9958) for conductimetric and MS detection, respectively. The detection limits of the target carboxylic acids calculated at S/N=3 ranged from 0.078 to 2.3 μM for conductimetric and photometric detection and from 0.66 to 3.82 μM for ion-exclusion chromatography–APCI-MS. The reproducibility of retention times was 0.12–0.16% relative standard deviation for ion-exclusion chromatography and 1.21–2.5% for ion-exclusion chromatography–APCI-MS. The method was applied to the determination of carboxylic acids in red wine, white wine, apple vinegar, and Japanese rice wine.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Carboxylic acids
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Chromatography A
Page Range: pp. 201-208
ISSN: 0021-9673
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9673(01)01566-7
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
Date Deposited: 20 Oct 2008 22:11
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:52
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/7835
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