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High-performance ion-exclusion/cation-exchange chromatography of anions and cations in acid rain waters on a weakly acidic cation-exchange resin

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Tanaka, K and Ohta, K and Haddad, PR and Fritz, JS and Miyanaga, A and Hu, W and Hasebe, K and Lee, KP and Sarzanini, C (2001) High-performance ion-exclusion/cation-exchange chromatography of anions and cations in acid rain waters on a weakly acidic cation-exchange resin. Journal of Chromatography A, 920 (1-2). pp. 239-245. ISSN 0021-9673

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Abstract

A new method for the simultaneous determination of anions (sulfate, nitrate, and chloride) and cations (sodium, ammonium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium) in acid rain waters was investigated using high-performance ion-exclusion/cation-exchange chromatography with conductimetric detection on a separation column packed with a polymethacrylate-based weakly acidic cation-exchange resin in the hydrogen-form and an eluent comprising 1.5 mM sulfosalicylic acid–6 mM 18-crown-6 at pH 2.6, operated at 1.5 ml/min. Effective separation and highly sensitive conductimetric detection for the anions and the cations was achieved in about 14 min. Since the ionic balance (equivalents of anions/equivalents of cations) of acid rain waters of different pH (4.40–4.67) ranged from 0.97 to 0.94, evaluation of the water quality of acid rain was possible. This method was successfully applied to the simultaneous determination of the anions and the cations in acid rain transported from mainland China and North Korea to central Japan monitored by a meteorological satellite data analyzer.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Inorganic anions; Inorganic cations; Sulfosalicylic acid; Crown ethers; Water analysis; Environmental analysis; Mixed-mode chromatography; Mobile phase composition
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Chromatography A
Page Range: pp. 239-245
ISSN: 0021-9673
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1016/S0021-9673(01)00578-7
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2008 00:40
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:52
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/7851
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