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Schooling affects the feeding success of Australian salmon (Arripis trutta) when preying on mysid swarms (Paramesopodopsis rufa)

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Foster, EG and Ritz, DA and Osborn, JE and Swadling, KM (2001) Schooling affects the feeding success of Australian salmon (Arripis trutta) when preying on mysid swarms (Paramesopodopsis rufa). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 261 (1). pp. 93-106. ISSN 0022-0981

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Abstract

When feeding on mysid swarms (Paramesopodopsis rufa), juvenile Australian salmon (Arripis trutta) had higher rates of successful attacks when foraging in a group of six fish (55% total advances) than when foraging alone (39% total advances). Six schooling fish had lower approach rates than solitary fish (25% and 37% of total advances, respectively). This result indicated that schooling fish were better at reducing the confusion effect of swarming prey, resulting in more efficient feeding. In larger areas, schools achieved higher rates of successful attacks (19 prey/fish in the large tank, compared with 11 prey/fish in the smaller tank). There was no influence on the feeding success of individual fish when changes were made to the number of prey presented to each fish. Nearest neighbour distances were smallest in the absence of prey, and increased with the introduction of prey and again in an attack sequence. Six fish schooled more cohesively than three fish, indicating increased benefits of schooling in larger groups that contribute to advanced vigilance and foraging techniques.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Predatory fish schools; Invertebrate prey swarms; Australian salmon; Mysids
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology
Page Range: pp. 93-106
ISSN: 0022-0981
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at http://www.sciencedirect.com
Date Deposited: 19 Feb 2009 03:05
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:55
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/8358
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