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A temporal decline in asthma but not eczema prevalence from 2000 to 2005 at school entry in the Australian Capital Territory with further consideration of country of birth

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Ponsonby, AL and Glasgow, N and Pezic, A and Dwyer, T and Ciszek, K and Kljakovic, M (2008) A temporal decline in asthma but not eczema prevalence from 2000 to 2005 at school entry in the Australian Capital Territory with further consideration of country of birth. International Journal of Epidemiology, 37 (3). pp. 559-569. ISSN 0300-5771

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Abstract

Background Asthma prevalence has declined in some countries over the past 10 years. Most reports have been based on population surveys conducted at two points of time in a given location. Comparisons across countries and time periods can be limited by differences in study methodology or disease diagnostics in different communities. Here, we examined trends in asthma prevalence using serial annual data and further examine the importance of country of birth. Methods The source population has children aged 4–6 commencing school in the Australian Capital Territory from 2000 to 2005 inclusive. Over 80% of these children and their families completed a health questionnaire on asthma, other atopic disease and respiratory symptoms using some questions from the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (n = 22 882). Current asthma has been previously validated against physician assessment in this setting. Results The prevalence of current asthma declined (P < 0.001) but eczema ever increased (P < 0.001) from 2000 to 2005. The asthma decline was predominantly linear in form, and accompanied by a reduction in night cough and shortness of breath but not recent wheeze. Compared with Australian-born children, children from New Zealand and the United Kingdom had a similar prevalence of asthma, hay fever and eczema history. However, children born in other countries, such as Asia, generally had a lower prevalence of these disorders. The temporal trends for atopic disorders or respiratory symptoms did not differ for overseas-born compared with Australian-born children. Conclusion The decline in current asthma prevalence from 2000 to 2005 was linear in form and appeared uncoupled from trends in child eczema. Country of birth was associated with marked variation in atopic disorder prevalence. The similar temporal trends for Australian vs overseas-born children indicate that the factors underlying the asthma prevalence decline are unlikely to be only in the pre-natal period.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Childhood asthma, prevalence, time trend, eczema, country of birth
Journal or Publication Title: International Journal of Epidemiology
Page Range: pp. 559-569
ISSN: 0300-5771
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1093/ije/dyn029
Additional Information: The definitive publisher-authenticated version is available online at: www.oxfordjournals.org
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2009 06:51
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:56
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/8488
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