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Pre-eruptive conditions of the Huerto Andesite (Fish Canyon System, San Juan Volcanic Field, Colorado): Influence of volatiles (C–O–H–S) on phase equilibria and mineral composition

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Parat, F and Holtz, F and Feig, ST (2008) Pre-eruptive conditions of the Huerto Andesite (Fish Canyon System, San Juan Volcanic Field, Colorado): Influence of volatiles (C–O–H–S) on phase equilibria and mineral composition. Journal of Petrology, 49 (5). pp. 911-935. ISSN 1460-2415 (online); 0022-3530 (print)

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Abstract

Crystallization experiments at 400MPa, oxidized condition (logfO2¼NNOþ1, where NNO is nickel^nickel oxide buffer) and over a range of temperatures (850^9508C) and fluid composition (XH2Oin¼03^1) have been carried out to constrain the storage conditions of the sulphur-rich magma of the Huerto Andesite (an anhydrite, pyrrhotite, and S-rich apatite-bearing, post-Fish CanyonTuff mafic lava). The results are used to evaluate the role of fluids released from the crystallization of magmas such as the Huerto Andesite on the remobilization of the largely crystallized dacitic Fish Canyon magma body. Experiments were performed using the natural andesitic bulk composition with and without added sulphur.The presence of sulphur slightly affects the phase equilibria by changing the phase proportions, stability fields of plagioclase, pyroxenes and ilmenite, and also affects the plagioclase composition. Phase equilibria and mineral composition data indicate that the magma may have contained 45 wt%water in the melt and that the pre-eruptive temperature was 875258C. Assuming that the magma was in equilibrium with a fluid phase, the CO2 concentration of the melt is estimated to be in the range 2000^4000 ppm (at 400MPa). Before eruption, the andesite had an oxidation state very close to, or slightly within, the co-stability field of anhydrite^ pyrrhotite at NNOþ11. At these conditions, the sulphur content in the melt is 500 ppm. Assuming open-system degassing resulting from continuing crystallization at depth, most of the CO2 dissolved in the andesitic melt should be released after the crystallization of 510 vol. % of the magma, corresponding to a cooling from 875 to 825^8508C.Thus, the fluids released owing to crystallization processes should be mainly composed of water at temperatures below 8258C.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: experimental study; andesite; volatile; Fish Canyon Tuff; Huerto Andesite
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Petrology
Page Range: pp. 911-935
ISSN: 1460-2415 (online); 0022-3530 (print)
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1093/petrology/egn011
Additional Information: The definitive publisher-authenticated version http://www.oxfordjournals.org/ Copyright © 2008 Oxford University Press
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2009 00:21
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:00
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/8743
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