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Variations and correlations in the composition of bovine, ovine and caprine milk

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Malau-Aduli, AEO and Anlade, YR (2001) Variations and correlations in the composition of bovine, ovine and caprine milk. In: Proceedings of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production: Strategies for Poverty Alleviation - Animal Production Option. Proceedings of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, 26 (26). Nigerian Society of Animal Production, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria., pp. 7-9. ISBN 0331-2064

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Abstract

Variations in the milk composition of cattle, sheep and goats as well as residual phenotypic correlations between the milk constituents were investigated. The study utilised Bunaji, Yankasa and Red Sokoto breeds of cattle, sheep and goats, respectively. Results indicated that sheep and goats differed significantly (P<0.05) from cattle in all constituents except protein percentage that averaged 5.43, 5.43 and 5.49%. Goat milk contained the highest percentages of fat (5.4%), total solids (15.3%) and ash (0.77%), while bovine milk contained the least percentages of fat (0.68%). Overall, milk compositions of sheep and goats were very similar since they were not statistically different from each other (P>0.05). Residual phenotypic correlations between the milk constituents revealed highly significant (P<0.01) and positive relationships between total solids and solids-not-fat (0.97 and 0.98 in cattle and sheep, respectively). All other correlations were positive (ranging from 0.12 to 0.77), except between protein and total solids (-0.44) and protein and solids-not-fat (-0.64) in cattle. Multiple linear regression equations were fitted to predict the percentages of protein and fat. It was demonstrated that protein percentage could be predicted from total solids and solids-not-fat with the highest accuracy of 94, 86 and 82 % in cattle, sheep and goats, respectively. On the other hand, the accuracy of prediction of fat percentage was very low in all the species (R2=0.01, 0.03 and 0.37 in cattle, sheep and goats, respectively).

Item Type: Book Section
Publisher: Nigerian Society of Animal Production
Page Range: pp. 7-9
Additional Information: Copyright © 2001 Nigerian Society for Animal Production
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2009 00:13
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:01
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/8810
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