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Hydraulics of broad-crested weirs with varying side slopes


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Sargison, JE and Percy, A (2009) Hydraulics of broad-crested weirs with varying side slopes. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 135 (1). pp. 115-118. ISSN 0733-9437

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The flow of water over a trapezoidal, broad-crested, or embankment weir with varying upstream and downstream slopes has been investigated. Data are presented comparing the effect of slopes of 2H:1V, 1H:1V and vertical in various combinations on the upstream and downstream faces of the weir. Pressure and surface profiles were self-similar for all cases tested. Increasing the upstream
slope to the vertical decreased the height of the surface profile and, hence, the static pressure of the crest. It also reduced the discharge coefficient. The variation in downstream static pressures was negligible though. Varying the downstream slope had a negligible effect on the surface and pressure profiles over the weir. Changes in flow were constrained to the region downstream of the crest. Cavitation could occur at the downstream corner of the weir if the upstream head was sufficiently high and a sloped face was used. This paper presents data
that will be of use in the design of hydraulic structures for flow control and measurement.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Water flow; Weirs; Embankments; Dams, embankment; Hydraulic engineering.
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering
Page Range: pp. 115-118
ISSN: 0733-9437
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9437(2009)135:1(115)
Additional Information:

© 2009 ASCE

Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2009 01:01
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:03
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