Library Open Repository

Warfare in biodiversity hotspots


Downloads per month over past year

Brooks, TM and Hanson, T and Fonseca, GA and Hoffmann, M and Lamoreux, JF and Machlis, G and Mittermeier, CG and Mittermeier, RA and Pilgrim, JD (2009) Warfare in biodiversity hotspots. Conservation Biology, 23 (3). pp. 578-587. ISSN 0888-8892

[img] PDF
Cons_Bio_23_3_B...pdf | Request a copy
Full text restricted
Available under University of Tasmania Standard License.


Conservation efforts are only as sustainable as the social and political context within which they take place. The weakening or collapse of sociopolitical frameworks during wartime can lead to habitat destruction and the erosion of conservation policies, but in some cases, may also confer ecological benefits through altered settlement patterns and reduced resource exploitation. Over 90% of the major armed conflicts between 1950 and 2000 occurred within countries containing biodiversity hotspots, and more than 80% took place directly within hotspot areas. Less than one-third of the 34 recognized hotspots escaped significant conflict during this period, and most suffered repeated episodes of violence. This pattern was remarkably consistent over these 5 decades. Evidence from the war-torn Eastern Afromontane hotspot suggests that biodiversity conservation is improved when international nongovernmental organizations support local protected area staff and remain engaged throughout the conflict.With biodiversity hotspots concentrated in politically volatile regions, the conservation community must maintain continuous involvement during periods of war, and biodiversity conservation should be incorporated into military, reconstruction, and humanitarian programs in the world’s conflict zones.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: biodiversity conservation, biodiversity hotspots, conflict, protected areas, war, warfare ecology Guerra en Sitios de Importancia para la Biodiversidad
Journal or Publication Title: Conservation Biology
Page Range: pp. 578-587
ISSN: 0888-8892
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2009.01166.x
Additional Information: The original publication is available at
Date Deposited: 13 Jul 2010 01:21
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:11
Item Statistics: View statistics for this item

Actions (login required)

Item Control Page Item Control Page