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Detecting hydrologic deformation using GRACE and GPS

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Tregoning, P and Watson, CS and Ramillien, G and McQueen, H and Zhang, J (2009) Detecting hydrologic deformation using GRACE and GPS. Geophysical Research Letters, 36. ISSN 0094-8276

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Abstract

Hydrological processes cause variations in gravitational potential and surface deformations, both of which are detectable using space geodetic techniques. We computed elastic deformation using continental water load estimates derived from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment and compared to 3D deformation estimated from GPS observations. The agreement is very good in areas where large hydrologic signals occur over broad spatial scales, with correlation in horizontal components as high as 0.9. Agreement is also observed at smaller scales, including across Europe. This suggests that: a) both techniques are perhaps more accurate than previously thought and b) a large percentage of the non-linear variations seen in our GPS time series are most likely related to geophysical processes rather than analysis error. Low correlation at some sites suggests that local processes or site specific analysis errors dominate the GPS deformation estimates rather than the broad-scale hydrologic signals detected by GRACE.

Item Type: Article
Journal or Publication Title: Geophysical Research Letters
ISSN: 0094-8276
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1029/2009GL038718
Additional Information: Copyright 2009 by the American Geophysical Union.
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2010 06:37
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:11
URI: http://eprints.utas.edu.au/id/eprint/9891
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