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Good governance for terrestrial protected areas:A framework principles and performance outcomes.


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Lockwood, M (2010) Good governance for terrestrial protected areas:A framework principles and performance outcomes. Journal of Environmental Management, 91 (3). pp. 754-766. ISSN 1095-8630

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Governing norms by which to steer traditional government functions are well established and understood; however, this is not the case for the new multi-level and collaborative approaches that characterize protected area governance. This is largely new territory that makes novel demands on governance institutions and policy. In this context, establishing and maintaining good governance across the diversity of ownership and responsibility arrangements is critical for the future effectiveness and acceptability of protected areas. Fulfilling the promise and avoiding the pitfalls inherent in contemporary protected area governance will require an understanding of what is meant by ’good governance’ and development of associated mechanisms to assess performance and provide a basis for improvement. This paper’s contribution lies in the guidance it provides for the hitherto under-developed area of governance quality assessment. I first present a framework that positions governance quality in relation to governance and management effectiveness. I then characterize good protected area governance according to a set of seven principles – legitimacy, transparency, accountability, inclusiveness, fairness, connectivity and resilience. Together, the framework, governance principles and related performance outcomes provide a platform for assessment of governance quality for an individual terrestrial protected area, a network of several protected areas, or a national protected area system.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Protected areas Governance Principles Performance evaluation
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Environmental Management
Page Range: pp. 754-766
ISSN: 1095-8630
Identification Number - DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.10.005
Additional Information: The definitive version is available at
Date Deposited: 29 Jun 2010 05:34
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 04:11
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